private formula

The second moment of area, also known as moment of inertia of plane area, area moment of inertia, polar moment of area or second area moment, is a geometrical property of an area which reflects how its points are distributed with regard to an arbitrary axis.

The second moment of area for a shape is easier to be calculeted with respect to a parallel axis or with respect to a perpendicular axis through the centroid of the shape.

The formula calculates the moment of inertia of a disc or a filled circular cross section with respect to a horizontal axis through the centroid of the disc. (Parallel axis theorem)

I_{x} | Area Moment of Inertia (mm^{4}) |

π | pi |

D | Diameter of Rod (mm) |