Rotary variable differential transformer(RVDT) - Rotor mechanical angle


A rotary variable differential transformer (RVDT) is a type of electrical transformer used for measuring angular displacement.

More precisely, a Rotary Variable Differential Transformer (RVDT) is an electromechanical transducer that provides a variable alternating current (AC) output voltage that is linearly proportional to the angular displacement of its input shaft. When energized with a fixed AC source, the output signal is linear within a specified range over the angular displacement.

RVDTs use brushless, non-contacting technology to ensure long life and reliable, repeatable position sensing with infinite resolution. Such reliable and repeatable performance assures accurate position sensing under the most extreme operating conditions.

Most RVDTs consist of a wound, laminated stator and a salient two-pole rotor. The stator, containing four slots, contains both the primary winding and the two secondary windings. Some secondary windings may also be connected together.

Related formulas


θrotor mechanical angle (deg) (dimensionless)
Ggain or sensitivity (dB) (dimensionless)
V1induced voltage of the secondary windings (volt)
V2induced voltage of the secondary windings (volt)