# Anelastic Attenuation Factor

## Description

In reflection seismology, the anelastic attenuation factor, often expressed as seismic quality factor or Q (which is inversely proportional to attenuation factor), quantifies the effects of anelastic attenuation on the seismic wavelet caused by fluid movement and grain boundary friction. As a seismic wave propagates through a medium, the elastic energy associated with the wave is gradually absorbed by the medium, eventually ending up as heat energy. This is known as absorption (or anelastic attenuation) and will eventually cause the total disappearance of the seismic wave.

Related formulas## Variables

Q | anelastic attenuation factor (dimensionless) |

π | pi |

E | fraction numerator of energy lost per cycle (J) |

δ_{E} | fraction denominator of energy lost per cycle (J) |