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Potential energy is the energy of a body or a system with respect to the position of the body or the arrangement of the particles of the system. The amount ... more

Hyperbola is the set of all points in the plane, such that the absolute value of the difference of each of the distances from two fixed points is constant. ... more

Hyperbola is the set of all points in the plane, such that the absolute value of the difference of each of the distances from two fixed points is constant. ... more

The first image shows how helicopters store large amounts of rotational kinetic energy in their blades. This energy must be put into the blades before takeoff and maintained until the end of the flight. The engines do not have enough power to simultaneously provide lift and put significant rotational energy into the blades.

The second image shows a helicopter from the Auckland Westpac Rescue Helicopter Service. Over 50,000 lives have been saved since its operations beginning in 1973. Here, a water rescue operation is shown. (credit: 111 Emergency, Flickr)

Strategy

Rotational and translational kinetic energies can be calculated from their definitions. The last part of the problem relates to the idea that energy can change form, in this case from rotational kinetic energy to gravitational potential energy.

Solution for **(a)**

We must convert the angular velocity to radians per second and calculate the moment of inertia before we can find **E _{r}** . The angular velocity

**ω**for

**1 r.p.m**is

and for **300 r.p.m**

The moment of inertia of one blade will be that of a thin rod rotated about its end.

The total I is four times this moment of inertia, because there are four blades. Thus,

and so The rotational kinetic energy is

Solution for **(b)**

Translational kinetic energy is defined as

To compare kinetic energies, we take the ratio of translational kinetic energy to rotational kinetic energy. This ratio is

Solution for **(c)**

At the maximum height, all rotational kinetic energy will have been converted to gravitational energy. To find this height, we equate those two energies:

Discussion

The ratio of translational energy to rotational kinetic energy is only **0.380**. This ratio tells us that most of the kinetic energy of the helicopter is in its spinning blades—something you probably would not suspect. The **53.7 m** height to which the helicopter could be raised with the rotational kinetic energy is also impressive, again emphasizing the amount of rotational kinetic energy in the blades.

Reference : OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

The orbital period is the time taken for a given object to make one complete orbit around another object.

When mentioned without further ... more

In Newtonian physics, free fall is any motion of a body where gravity is the only force acting upon it. In a Freefall in Uniform Gravitational Field with ... more

Free fall is any motion of a body where its weight is the only force acting upon it. In Uniform gravitational field with air resistance the air resistance ... more

A banked turn (aka. banking turn) is a turn or change of direction in which the vehicle banks or inclines, usually towards the inside of the turn. For a ... more

The minimum railway curve radius, the shortest allowable design radius for railway tracks under a particular set of conditions.

Track gauge is a
... more

The minimum railway curve radius, the shortest allowable design radius for railway tracks under a particular set of conditions. It has an important bearing ... more

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A typical small rescue helicopter, like the one in the Figure below, has four blades, each is

4.00 mlong and has a mass of50.0 kg. The blades can be approximated as thin rods that rotate about one end of an axis perpendicular to their length. The helicopter has a total loaded mass of1000 kg.(a)Calculate the rotational kinetic energy in the blades when they rotate at300 rpm.(b)Calculate the translational kinetic energy of the helicopter when it flies at20.0 m/s, and compare it with the rotational energy in the blades.(c)To what height could the helicopter be raised if all of the rotational kinetic energy could be used to lift it?