Hyperbolic Kepler equation
In orbital mechanics, Kepler’s equation relates various geometric properties of the orbit of a body subject to a central force.
It was first
Limaçon of Pascal
A limaçon is a bicircular rational plane algebraic curve of degree 4. Limaçon of Pascal, is defined as a roulette formed when a circle rolls around the
Height of a Circular Segment
Circular segment is a region of a circle which is “cut off” from the rest of the circle by a secant or a chord. More formally, a Circular segment is a
In mathematics, a rose or rhodonea curve is a sinusoid plotted in polar coordinates.
the polar coordinate system is a two-dimensional coordinate system in
Guided ray (acceptance angle)
A guided ray (also bound ray or trapped ray) is a ray of light in a multi-mode optical fiber ( type of optical fiber mostly used for communication over
Area of an Annulus
In mathematics, an annulus (the Latin word for “little ring”, with plural annuli) is a ring-shaped object, especially a region bounded by two