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In aerospace engineering, mass ratio is a measure of the efficiency of a rocket. It describes how much more massive the vehicle is with propellant than ... more

A rocket engine, or simply “rocket”, is a jet engine that uses only stored propellant mass for forming its high speed propulsive jet. Rocket ... more

A rocket engine nozzle is a propelling nozzle (usually of the de Laval type) used in a rocket engine to expand and accelerate the combustion gases produced ... more

A water rocket is a type of model rocket using water as its reaction mass. Such a rocket is typically made from a used plastic soft drink bottle. The water ... more

A sled experiences a rocket thrust that accelerates it to the right.Each rocket creates an identical thrust **T** . As in other situations where there is only horizontal acceleration, the vertical forces cancel. The ground exerts an upward force **N** on the system that is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to its weight,**w**.The system here is the sled, its rockets, and rider, so none of the forces between these objects are considered. The arrow representing friction ( **f** ) is drawn larger than scale.

Assumptions: The mass of the Sled remains steady throughout the operation

Strategy

Although there are forces acting vertically and horizontally, we assume the vertical forces cancel since there is no vertical acceleration. This leaves us with only horizontal forces and a simpler one-dimensional problem. Directions are indicated with plus or minus signs, with right taken as the positive direction. See the free-body diagram in the figure.

Solution

Since acceleration, mass, and the force of friction are given, we start with Newton’s second law and look for ways to find the thrust of the engines. Since we have defined the direction of the force and acceleration as acting “to the right,” we need to consider only the magnitudes of these quantities in the calculations. Hence we begin with

**Fnet** is the net force along the horizontal direction, **m** is the rocket’s mass and **a** the acceleration.

We can see from the Figure at the top, that the engine thrusts add, while friction opposes the thrust.

**Tt** is the total thrust from the 4 rockets, **Fnet** the net force along the horizontal direction and **Ff** the force of friction.

Finally, since there are **4 rockets**, we calculate the thrust that each one provides:

**T** is the individual Thrust of each engine, **b** is the number of rocket engines

Reference : OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

In astrodynamics and aerospace, a delta-v budget is an estimate of the total delta-v required for a space mission. It is calculated as the sum of the ... more

Variable-mass systems, (like a rocket burning fuel and ejecting spent gases), are not closed and cannot be directly treated by making mass a function of ... more

Characteristic velocity or c*, or C-star is a measure of the combustion performance of a rocket engine independent of nozzle performance, and is used to ... more

Thrust is a reaction force described quantitatively by Newton’s second and third laws.

A very common question is how to contrast the thrust
... more

In aerospace engineering, the propellant mass fraction is the portion of a vehicle’s mass which does not reach the destination, usually used as a ... more

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Prior to manned space flights, rocket sleds were used to test aircraft, missile equipment, and physiological effects on human subjects at high speeds. They consisted of a platform that was mounted on one or two rails and propelled by several rockets. Calculate the magnitude of force exerted by each rocket, called its thrust

T, for the four-rocket propulsion system shown in the Figure below. The sled’s initial acceleration is49 m/s, the mass of the system is^{2}2100 kg, and the force of friction opposing the motion is known to be650 N.