Drainage Hooghoudt's equation
A drainage equation is an equation describing the relation between depth and spacing of parallel subsurface drains, depth of the watertable, depth and
Von Mises yield criterion
The von Mises yield criterion suggests that the yielding of materials begins when the second deviatoric stress invariant reaches a critical value. The von
Hooke’s law is a principle of physics that states that the force F needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance X is proportional to that
In probability theory, a conditional probability measures the probability of an event given that (by assumption, presumption, assertion or evidence)
In science, buckling is a mathematical instability that leads to a failure mode.
When a structure is subjected to compressive stress, buckling may