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In celestial mechanics, true anomaly is an angular parameter that defines the position of a body moving along a Keplerian orbit. It is the angle between ... more

a) Calculate the gravitational potential energy stored in the pyramid, given its center of mass is at one-fourth its height.

b) Only a fraction of the workers lifted blocks; most were involved in support services such as building ramps, bringing food and water, and hauling blocks to the site. Calculate the efficiency of the workers who did the lifting, assuming there were 1000 of them and they consumed food energy at the rate of 300 Kcal/hour.

first we calculate the number of hours worked per year.

then we calculate the number of hours worked in the 20 years.

Then we calculate the energy consumed in 20 years knowing the energy consumed per hour and the total hours worked in 20 years.

The efficiency is the resulting potential energy divided by the consumed energy.

In the design of fluid bearings, the Sommerfeld number (S), or bearing characteristic number, is a dimensionless quantity used extensively in hydrodynamic ... more

In the design of fluid bearings, the Sommerfeld number (S), or bearing characteristic number, is a dimensionless quantity used extensively in hydrodynamic ... more

Prior to manned space flights, rocket sleds were used to test aircraft, missile equipment, and physiological effects on human subjects at high speeds. They consisted of a platform that was mounted on one or two rails and propelled by several rockets. Calculate the magnitude of force exerted by each rocket, called its thrust **T** , for the four-rocket propulsion system shown in the Figure below. The sled’s initial acceleration is **49 m/s ^{2}**, the mass of the system is

**2100 kg**, and the force of friction opposing the motion is known to be

**650 N**.

A sled experiences a rocket thrust that accelerates it to the right.Each rocket creates an identical thrust **T** . As in other situations where there is only horizontal acceleration, the vertical forces cancel. The ground exerts an upward force **N** on the system that is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to its weight,**w**.The system here is the sled, its rockets, and rider, so none of the forces between these objects are considered. The arrow representing friction ( **f** ) is drawn larger than scale.

Assumptions: The mass of the Sled remains steady throughout the operation

Strategy

Although there are forces acting vertically and horizontally, we assume the vertical forces cancel since there is no vertical acceleration. This leaves us with only horizontal forces and a simpler one-dimensional problem. Directions are indicated with plus or minus signs, with right taken as the positive direction. See the free-body diagram in the figure.

Solution

Since acceleration, mass, and the force of friction are given, we start with Newton’s second law and look for ways to find the thrust of the engines. Since we have defined the direction of the force and acceleration as acting “to the right,” we need to consider only the magnitudes of these quantities in the calculations. Hence we begin with

**Fnet** is the net force along the horizontal direction, **m** is the rocket’s mass and **a** the acceleration.

We can see from the Figure at the top, that the engine thrusts add, while friction opposes the thrust.

**Tt** is the total thrust from the 4 rockets, **Fnet** the net force along the horizontal direction and **Ff** the force of friction.

Finally, since there are **4 rockets**, we calculate the thrust that each one provides:

**T** is the individual Thrust of each engine, **b** is the number of rocket engines

Reference : OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Youden’s J statistic (also called Youden’s index) is a single statistic that captures the performance of a diagnostic test. Its value ranges ... more

Amount of substance (n) is the number of atoms, molecules, ions, or other specified group of entities present in a compound. It is the ratio of Mass / ... more

In the wheelbarrow of the following figure the load has a perpendicular lever arm of **7.50 cm**, while the hands have a perpendicular lever arm of **1.02 m**.**(a)** What upward force must you exert to support the wheelbarrow and its load if their combined mass is **45.0 kg**? **(b)** What force does the wheelbarrow exert on the ground?

**(a)** In the case of the wheelbarrow, the output force or load is between the pivot and the input force. The pivot is the wheel’s axle. Here, the output force is greater than the input force. Thus, a wheelbarrow enables you to lift much heavier loads than you could with your body alone. **(b)** In the case of the shovel, the input force is between the pivot and the load, but the input lever arm is shorter than the output lever arm. The pivot is at the handle held by the right hand. Here, the output force (supporting the shovel’s load) is less than the input force (from the hand nearest the load), because the input is exerted closer to the pivot than is the output.

Strategy

Here, we use the concept of mechanical advantage.

Discussion

An even longer handle would reduce the force needed to lift the load. The MA here is:

Reference : OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Bejan number as an expression of Bejan number in the Hagen-Poiseuille.

The expression shows that the Bejan number in the Hagen-Poiseuille flow is ... more

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The awe‐inspiring Great Pyramid of Cheops was built more than 4500 years ago. Its square base, originally 230 m on a side, covered 13.1 acres, and it was 146 m high (H), with a mass of about 7×10^9 kg. (The pyramid’s dimensions are slightly different today due to quarrying and some sagging). Historians estimate that 20,000 workers spent 20 years to construct it, working 12-hour days, 330 days per year.