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A magnetic dipole is a closed circulation of electric current. A simple example of this is a single loop of wire with some constant current through ... more

The energy of a magnetic moment “m” in an externally produced magnetic field “B”. Is related to the distance between magnetic ... more

The stiffness of a body is a measure of the resistance offered by an elastic body to deformation. A body have a rotational stiffness when it is in a ... more

In probability theory and statistics, skewness is a measure of the asymmetry of the probability distribution of a real-valued random variable about its ... more

In probability theory and statistics, kurtosis is any measure of the “tailedness” of the probability distribution of a real-valued random ... more

Calculates the logarithmic mean size (moments method) of the particles’ size distribution of a soil, in phi scale

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A physical dipole consists of two equal and opposite point charges. When placed in an magnetic field, equal but opposite forces arise on each side of the ... more

Strategy

The force is equal to the weight supported:

and the cross-sectional area of the upper leg bone(femur) is:

To find the change in length we use the Young’s modulus formula. The Young’s modulus reference value for a bone under compression is known to be **9×10 ^{9} N/m^{2}**. Now,all quantities except

**ΔL**are known. Thus:

Discussion

This small change in length seems reasonable, consistent with our experience that bones are rigid. In fact, even the rather large forces encountered during strenuous physical activity do not compress or bend bones by large amounts. Although bone is rigid compared with fat or muscle, several of the substances listed in Table 5.3(*see reference below*) have larger values of Young’s modulus Y . In other words, they are more rigid.

**Reference:**

This worksheet is a modified version of Example 5.4 page 188 found in :

OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Pneumatic cylinders (sometimes known as air cylinders) are mechanical devices which use the power of compressed gas to produce a force in a reciprocating ... more

A stepper motor or step motor or stepping motor is a brushless DC electric motor that divides a full rotation into a number of equal steps. The ... more

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Calculate the change in length of the upper leg bone (the femur) when a

70.0 kgman supports62.0 kgof his mass on it, assuming the bone to be equivalent to a uniform rod that is45.0 cmlong and2.00 cmin radius.