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Porosity or void fraction is a measure of the void (i.e., “empty”) spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the ... more

Menzerath’s law, or Menzerathâ€“Altmann law (named after Paul Menzerath and Gabriel Altmann), is a linguistic law according to which the increase of a ... more

Trip distribution (or destination choice or zonal interchange analysis) is the second component (after trip generation, but before mode choice and route ... more

In geometry, a solid angle is the two-dimensional angle in three-dimensional space that an object subtends at a point. It is a measure of how large the ... more

The weighted mean is similar to an arithmetic mean (the most common type of average), where instead of each of the data points contributing equally to the ... more

In thermodynamics, an isentropic process is an idealized thermodynamic process that is adiabatic and in which the work transfers of the system are ... more

A polarizer or polariser is an optical filter that passes light of a specific polarization and blocks waves of other polarizations.

When a perfect
... more

In optics, the numerical aperture (NA) of an optical system is a dimensionless number that characterizes the range of angles over which the system can ... more

Time dilation is an actual difference of elapsed time between two events as measured by observers either moving relative to each other or differently ... more

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