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Strategy

We can use the Reynolds number equation calculate N’_{R} , since all values in it are either given or can be found in tables of density and viscosity.

Solution

We first find the kinematic viscosity values:

Substituting values into the equation for N’R yields:

Discussion

This value is sufficiently high to imply a turbulent wake. Most large objects, such as airplanes and sailboats, create significant turbulence as they move. As noted before, the Bernoulli principle gives only qualitatively-correct results in such situations.

Reference : OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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Calculate the change in length of the upper leg bone (the femur) when a **70.0 kg** man supports **62.0 kg** of his mass on it, assuming the bone to be equivalent to a uniform rod that is **45.0 cm** long and **2.00 cm** in radius.

Strategy

The force is equal to the weight supported:

and the cross-sectional area of the upper leg bone(femur) is:

To find the change in length we use the Young’s modulus formula. The Young’s modulus reference value for a bone under compression is known to be **9×10 ^{9} N/m^{2}**. Now,all quantities except

**ΔL**are known. Thus:

Discussion

This small change in length seems reasonable, consistent with our experience that bones are rigid. In fact, even the rather large forces encountered during strenuous physical activity do not compress or bend bones by large amounts. Although bone is rigid compared with fat or muscle, several of the substances listed in Table 5.3(*see reference below*) have larger values of Young’s modulus Y . In other words, they are more rigid.

**Reference:**

This worksheet is a modified version of Example 5.4 page 188 found in :

OpenStax College,College Physics. OpenStax College. 21 June 2012.

http://openstaxcollege.org/textbooks/college-physics

Creative Commons License : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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Calculate the Reynolds number

N′Rfor a ball with a7.40-cmdiameter thrown at40.0 m/s.