In mathematics, the Pythagorean theorem, also known as Pythagoras’ theorem, is a fundamental relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of ... more
A logistic function or logistic curve is a common “S” shape (sigmoid curve). Data that follows an increasing logistic curve usually describes ... more
In physics and engineering, the time constant, usually denoted by the Greek letter (tau), is the parameter characterizing the response to a step input of ... more
Horizontal curve – Sight Distance Properties (S<L)
Horizontal Curves are one of the two important transition elements in geometric ... more
In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to ... more
In optics, Miller’s rule is an empirical rule which gives an estimate of the order of magnitude of the nonlinear coefficient.
More formally, ... more
Static friction is friction between two or more solid objects that are not moving relative to each other. For example, static friction can prevent an ... more
The cross section is an effective area that quantifies the intrinsic likelihood of a scattering event when an incident beam strikes a target object, made ... more
In statistical mechanics, Maxwell–Boltzmann statistics describes the average distribution of non-interacting material particles over various energy states ... more
In orbital mechanics, Kepler’s equation relates various geometric properties of the orbit of a body subject to a central force.
It was first ... more
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