Borda–Carnot equation is an empirical description of the mechanical energy losses of the fluid due to a (sudden) flow expansion. It describes how the total ... more
In geometry, Bretschneider’s formula is the shown expression for the area of a general quadrilateral.
A quadrilateral is a polygon with four ... more
Often during their use, heat exchangers collect a layer of fouling on the surface which, in addition to potentially contaminating a stream, reduces the ... more
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